Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 300m north-east of farm on Garrowby Hill Top

A Scheduled Monument in Kirby Underdale, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.0024 / 54°0'8"N

Longitude: -0.768 / 0°46'4"W

OS Eastings: 480848.965401

OS Northings: 456969.303324

OS Grid: SE808569

Mapcode National: GBR RQ24.JZ

Mapcode Global: WHFC2.5NJJ

Entry Name: Round barrow 300m north-east of farm on Garrowby Hill Top

Scheduled Date: 9 September 1958

Last Amended: 1 June 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008437

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21080

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Kirby Underdale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Kirby Underdale All Saints

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric round barrow, one of a group in this area
of the Yorkshire Wolds. The barrow survives as a visible mound 1m high and
4.5m north-south by 7m east to west. Originally it would have been circular
with a diameter of 13m, but has been reduced to its present shape by
ploughing. A ditch from which material was excavated during the construction
of the monument surrounds the barrow mound. This has become in-filled over the
years but survives as a buried feature 3m wide. The barrow was partially
excavated in 1867 by the antiquarian J R Mortimer. His investigations
recovered two inhumations, and fragments of pottery and flint flakes which
were grave goods or votive deposits.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite partial excavation and the evident reduction in size of the barrow
mound by ploughing, this monument will retain significant archaeological
remains within and beneath the surviving mound and in the ditch.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Mortimer, J , Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 142-3
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 142
Other
14602, Humberside SMR (14602),

Source: Historic England

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