Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 350m west of Cot Nab Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Kirby Underdale, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.0007 / 54°0'2"N

Longitude: -0.7601 / 0°45'36"W

OS Eastings: 481371.0404

OS Northings: 456786.804178

OS Grid: SE813567

Mapcode National: GBR RQ45.7L

Mapcode Global: WHFC2.9P9V

Entry Name: Round barrow 350m west of Cot Nab Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 September 1958

Last Amended: 21 June 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008314

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21082

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Kirby Underdale

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Bishop Wilton St Edith

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a prehistoric round barrow, one of a group on this part
of the Yorkshire Wolds. The barrow mound is made from earth and chalk rubble,
stands 0.75m high and has a diameter of 25m. The barrow is spread and slightly
rounded, the result of regular ploughing over the years. A ditch, from which
material was excavated during the construction of the monument surrounds the
barrow mound. This has become in-filled over the years and is no longer
visible at ground level, but survives as a buried feature 3m in width. The
monument was investigated by the antiquarian J R Mortimer in 1874; one
cremation and a number of pot sherds, thought to come from a cremation urn,
were found.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite partial excavation and plough damage this barrow remains visible and
will retain archaeological information on its original form and the burials
placed within it.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 138
3729, Humberside S.M.R,

Source: Historic England

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