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Three bowl barrows 120m south of Fargo Road

A Scheduled Monument in Durrington, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1913 / 51°11'28"N

Longitude: -1.8225 / 1°49'21"W

OS Eastings: 412498.986274

OS Northings: 143583.634495

OS Grid: SU124435

Mapcode National: GBR 4ZV.81C

Mapcode Global: VHB5B.CBC2

Entry Name: Three bowl barrows 120m south of Fargo Road

Scheduled Date: 24 March 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009064

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10240

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Durrington

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Durrington All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes three bowl barrows situated 120m south of Fargo Road on
Durrington Down. The barrows are difficult to identify on the ground being
located in an area formerly disturbed by the construction of military
buildings and more recently by cultivation. They are, however, represented on
the County Series Ordnance Survey 6" map of 1887 and from this the mound of
the western barrow is calculated to be c.10m and the mound of the eastern
barrow c.15m. These barrows appear to have been confluent. An early
archaeological report suggests that the third barrow located 8m north of these
is of a similar size to the western barrow. Surrounding all three mounds are
ditches from which material was quarried during their construction. These have
become infilled over the years but survive as buried features c.1m wide in the
case of the western barrow giving an overall diameter of c.12m, and c.1.5m
wide in the case of the eastern and northern barrows, giving overall diameters
of c.18m. Two of the barrows were partially excavated in the 19th century when
burnt bones were produced.
The south eastern edge of the easternmost bowl barrow has been destroyed by
the construction of a brick wall which surrounds the farm buildings and is
therefore not included in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.
Two of the best known and earliest recognised areas are around Avebury and
Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site.
The area of chalk downland which surrounds Stonehenge contains one of the
densest and most varied groups of Neolithic and Bronze Age field monuments in
Britain. Included within the area are Stonehenge itself, the Stonehenge
cursus, the Durrington Walls henge, and a variety of burial monuments, many
grouped into cemeteries.
The area has been the subject of archaeological research since the 18th
century when Stukeley recorded many of the monuments and partially excavated a
number of the burial mounds. More recently, the collection of artefacts from
the surfaces of ploughed fields has supplemented the evidence for ritual and
burial by revealing the intensity of contemporary settlement and land-use.
In view of the importance of the area, all ceremonial and sepulchral monuments
of this period which retain significant archaeological remains are identified
as nationally important. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round
barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the
Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which
covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped
as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a variety of burial practices. There are over
10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally and at least 320 in the
Stonehenge area. This group of monuments will provide important information
on the development of this area during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age
periods.

Despite being disturbed in the past by the construction of military buildings
and more recently by cultivation, partial excavation has shown that the three
barrows 120m south of Fargo Road will contain archaeological remains and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it
was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 171
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 171
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 171
Hoare, R C, Ancient History of Wiltshire, (1812), 168
Hoare, R C, Ancient History of Wiltshire, (1812), 168
Hoare, R C, Ancient History of Wiltshire, (1812), 170

Source: Historic England

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