Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 50m south of Fargo Road, forming part of a nucleated round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Durrington, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1924 / 51°11'32"N

Longitude: -1.8271 / 1°49'37"W

OS Eastings: 412180.000001

OS Northings: 143700.759001

OS Grid: SU121437

Mapcode National: GBR 4ZV.0XD

Mapcode Global: VHB5B.89Y7

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 50m south of Fargo Road, forming part of a nucleated round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 23 March 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009071

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10401

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Durrington

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Durrington All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow forming an outlier some 50m north of a
nucleated round barrow cemetery, located 50m south of Fargo Road on
Durrington Down Farm. The barrow is now difficult to identify on the ground
being in an area formerly disturbed by military buildings and more recently by
cultivation. However, the barrow mound is visible on aerial photographs as a
circular chalk spread 25m in diameter. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from
which material was quarried during its construction. This has become infilled
over the years but survives as a buried feature c.2.5m wide giving the barrow
an overall diameter of c.30m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.
Two of the best known and earliest recognised areas are around Avebury and
Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site.
The area of chalk downland which surrounds Stonehenge contains one of the
densest and most varied groups of Neolithic and Bronze Age field monuments in
Britain. Included within the area are Stonehenge itself, the Stonehenge
cursus, the Durrington Walls henge, and a variety of burial monuments, many
grouped into cemeteries.
The area has been the subject of archaeological research since the 18th
century when Stukeley recorded many of the monuments and partially excavated a
number of the burial mounds. More recently, the collection of artefacts from
the surfaces of ploughed fields has supplemented the evidence for ritual and
burial by revealing the intensity of contemporary settlement and land-use. In
view of the importance of the area, all ceremonial and sepulchral monuments of
this period which retain significant archaeological remains are identified as
nationally important.
Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated with
earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has
occurred, contemporary or later 'flat' burials between the barrow mounds have
often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland
England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are
clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both
here and at Avebury. Often occupying prominent positions, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their
longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of
beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities.

Despite being levelled by recent military activity and cultivation, the bowl
barrow 50m south of Fargo Road will contain archaeological remains and
environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the landscape in which it
was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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