Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Two bowl barrows 250m north of The Cursus

A Scheduled Monument in Durrington, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.1898 / 51°11'23"N

Longitude: -1.8184 / 1°49'6"W

OS Eastings: 412784.841612

OS Northings: 143417.122741

OS Grid: SU127434

Mapcode National: GBR 4ZV.930

Mapcode Global: VHB5B.FCJ6

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 250m north of The Cursus

Scheduled Date: 23 March 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009072

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10403

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Durrington

Built-Up Area: Larkhill

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Durrington All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes two bowl barrows aligned north west - south east,
located 250m north of the Cursus. Both barrow mounds survive as slight
earthworks. The north western mound is 0.25m high and 14m in diameter and the
south eastern mound is 0.2m high and 10m in diameter. Both mounds are
surrounded by ditches from which material was quarried during their
construction. These survive as buried features c.1.5m wide in the case of the
north western barrow giving an overall diameter of c.17m and c.1m wide in the
case of the south eastern barrow giving an overall diameter of c.12m. Partial
excavation of the barrows in the 19th century produced burnt bones in each
case. The mound of the north western barrow extends into the farm track on its
north side and the track is therefore included in the scheduling.
A post and wire fence crosses each of the barrow mounds from east to west.
These fences are excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath them is

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.
Two of the best known and earliest recognised areas are around Avebury and
Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site.
The area of chalk downland which surrounds Stonehenge contains one of the
densest and most varied groups of Neolithic and Bronze Age field monuments in
Britain. Included within the area are Stonehenge itself, the Stonehenge
cursus, the Durrington Walls henge, and a variety of burial monuments, many
grouped into cemeteries.
The area has been the subject of archaeological research since the 18th
century when Stukeley recorded many of the monuments and partially excavated a
number of the burial mounds. More recently, the collection of artefacts from
the surfaces of ploughed fields has supplemented the evidence for ritual and
burial by revealing the intensity of contemporary settlement and land-use.
In view of the importance of the area, all ceremonial and sepulchral monuments
of this period which retain significant archaeological remains are identified
as nationally important. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round
barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the
Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which
covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped
as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a variety of burial practices. There are over
10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally and at least 320 in the
Stonehenge area. This group of monuments will provide important information
on the development of this area during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age

The bowl barrows 250m north of the Cursus are known from partial excavation to
contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the
monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 171
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 171
Hoare, R C, Ancient History of Wiltshire, (1812), 168
Hoare, R C, Ancient History of Wiltshire, (1812), 168

Source: Historic England

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