Ancient Monuments

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Woodend moated site

A Scheduled Monument in Hanbury, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 52.8371 / 52°50'13"N

Longitude: -1.7383 / 1°44'17"W

OS Eastings: 417724.487726

OS Northings: 326648.154282

OS Grid: SK177266

Mapcode National: GBR 4C0.5BL

Mapcode Global: WHCFY.8YHF

Entry Name: Woodend moated site

Scheduled Date: 1 March 1968

Last Amended: 22 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009052

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13504

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Hanbury

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Hanbury St Werburgh

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument is Woodend medieval moated site. The site includes an island some
37m square that contains minor surface undulations in its eastern half and a
raised area measuring c.16m by 21m and 0.3m high at its southwestern corner.
The island is surrounded on three sides by a moat that is wet on the east side
only and measures 10-12m wide and 3m deep. The moat's southern arm has been
The monument is thought to have been a hunting lodge associated with Tutbury
Deer Parks. The site is known to have been occupied by Thomas Bowen in 1839.
Although the monument remains unexcavated red sandstone foundations are known
to lie buried on the island.
All walls, fences and outbuildings are excluded from the scheduling but the
ground beneath all these features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Woodend medieval moated site survives well and despite infilling of the moat's
southern arm remains largely unencumbered by modern development. The site
remains unexcavated and sandstone building foundations are known to exist on
the island. The moat's waterlogged eastern arm will preserve organic

Source: Historic England


Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Moats, (1988)
SMR No 171, Staffs SMR, Woodend: Hanbury,
Snowdon, C A, AM 107, (1982)

Source: Historic England

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