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Newborough Hall moated site, millpond, two fishponds and connecting channels.

A Scheduled Monument in Newborough, Staffordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.8307 / 52°49'50"N

Longitude: -1.8026 / 1°48'9"W

OS Eastings: 413394.36593

OS Northings: 325927.937571

OS Grid: SK133259

Mapcode National: GBR 4BY.F2Z

Mapcode Global: WHCG3.83VQ

Entry Name: Newborough Hall moated site, millpond, two fishponds and connecting channels.

Scheduled Date: 1 March 1968

Last Amended: 8 January 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010124

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13505

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Newborough

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Newborough All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield

Details

The monument is Newborough Hall moated site, a millpond, two fishponds and
connecting channels. The moated site has a grassy island some 63m square
which is surrounded by a moat 10-20m wide by 1.8m deep that is waterlogged on
all sides except the north-east and a short length of the north-west arm close
to the northern corner. An outer bank c.8m wide by 1.3m high flanks much of
the south-east arm. Adjacent to the southern corner of the moat is a
sub-rectangular waterlogged millpond measuring some 42m by 32m that is flanked
on its north-east side by an outer bank c.4m wide and 0.3m high. A dry
fishpond measuring up to 25m by 10m and 0.5m deep lies parallel to the moat's
north-east arm some 20m to the east. It is flanked on its northern side by an
outer bank 4.5m wide and 0.2m high. The pond was fed by an inlet channel 4m
wide by 20m long that enters the northern side, while an outlet channel 4m
wide by 10m long carried water into a second pond measuring up to 15m by 7m
and 0.5m deep that is now mutilated on its south side by a stream.
The brick and concrete foundations on the outer bank flanking the south-east
arm, all field boundaries, and all walls are excluded from the scheduling
although the ground beneath all these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The monument is a well preserved moated site associated with a range of
features that includes a millpond and two fishponds. The complexity of these
remains demonstrates well the diversity which may be exhibited by this class
of monument. Most of the monument is unencumbered by modern development and
the site will contain the surviving archaeological remains of the medieval
Newborough Hall. Additionally organic material will be preserved within the
waterlogged moat and millpond.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Moats, (1989)
Dennison, E, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Fishponds, (1987)
Dennison, E., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Fishponds, (1988)
SMR No. 172, Staffs SMR, Newborough Hall: Newborough,
Snowdon, C.A., AM 107, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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