Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows 365m south of Hillside

A Scheduled Monument in Warslow and Elkstones, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 53.1242 / 53°7'26"N

Longitude: -1.9243 / 1°55'27"W

OS Eastings: 405160.091138

OS Northings: 358555.685604

OS Grid: SK051585

Mapcode National: GBR 35Z.0BN

Mapcode Global: WHBCC.DQWT

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 365m south of Hillside

Scheduled Date: 26 November 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008975

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22416

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Warslow and Elkstones

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Warslow with Elkstone

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes two bowl barrows located on the highest point of a ridge
350m and 380m south of Hillside. The northerly barrow survives as a partly
mutilated oval earth and clay mound up to 1.4m high with maximum dimensions of
24m by 19m. Limited antiquarian investigation across the centre of the mound
located a contracted adult inhumation laid upon a thin layer of ashes on the
old ground surface. Elsewhere in the trench a cremation, flint artefacts, a
bronze awl, unburnt human bones and two animal teeth were found. The
southerly barrow survives as an oval earthen mound up to 1m high with maximum
dimensions of 28m by 23m. Limited antiquarian investigation immediately north
of the mound's centre located a rock-cut grave measuring 2.75m by 1.2m
containing a contracted adult inhumation. Nearby was a large sandstone with a
Above the grave, upon the old ground surface, was a decayed child inhumation
together with a large boar's tusk and some flints. Close to the barrow's
surface was a deposit of calcined bones, pottery sherds and burnt flint
An Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar situated on the northerly barrow is
excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath it is included, as
is the land between the two barrows.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite some mutilation of the northerly mound the two bowl barrows south
of Hillside survive reasonably well. The monument is a rare survival in
Staffordshire of two bowl barrows in such close proximity. Limited
antiquarian investigation at these barrows located human and faunal remains
together with artefacts of flint and bronze, and further evidence of
interments and grave goods will exist within the mounds and upon the old

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861)
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)

Source: Historic England

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