Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 120m north-east of Bincliff Mines

A Scheduled Monument in Waterhouses, Staffordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.0838 / 53°5'1"N

Longitude: -1.8274 / 1°49'38"W

OS Eastings: 411660.516072

OS Northings: 354073.749584

OS Grid: SK116540

Mapcode National: GBR 47T.LTQ

Mapcode Global: WHCDQ.XR09

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 120m north-east of Bincliff Mines

Scheduled Date: 26 November 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008963

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22405

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Waterhouses

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Wetton St Margaret

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located 120m north-east of Bincliff Mines
on the western side of the crest of a broad ridgetop. It survives as a
slightly mutilated oval earthen mound up to 1.6m high with maximum dimensions
of 23.5m by 21m. On the barrow's south-west and north-east sides is a rock-
cut ditch up to 7m wide and 0.3m deep. This ditch has been infilled by
ploughing on the barrow's south-eastern side but destroyed by a mining track
on the north-western side. Limited antiquarian investigation at the centre of
the barrow in 1845 located a rock-cut grave containing an inhumation, a food
vessel, a cremation and a flint. Above this grave pottery sherds and a
fragment of human skull were found. Elsewhere in the mound a further three
inhumations, a cremation, flints, animal bones, antler tines and a beaker were
discovered. Further limited investigations five years later found a
cremation, human bones, antler tines, pottery, a bronze bracelet and flints.
A drystone wall on the barrow's north-western side is excluded from the
scheduling but the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigations and some minor mutilation of the
mound by stone robbing, the bowl barrow 120m north-east of Bincliff Mines
survives well. These investigations located human and faunal remains together
with pottery and artefacts of flint and bronze, and further evidence of
interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old
landsurface.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, T, Vestiges of the Antiquities of Derbyshire, (1849)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861)
Other
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), (1988)

Source: Historic England

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