Ancient Monuments

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Moated site 150m south-west of Brewood Lodge

A Scheduled Monument in Blymhill and Weston-under-Lizard, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 52.6853 / 52°41'7"N

Longitude: -2.2737 / 2°16'25"W

OS Eastings: 381596.129755

OS Northings: 309769.07097

OS Grid: SJ815097

Mapcode National: GBR 06R.MYX

Mapcode Global: WHBFB.1RKR

Entry Name: Moated site 150m south-west of Brewood Lodge

Scheduled Date: 9 November 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008346

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21520

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Blymhill and Weston-under-Lizard

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Weston-under-Lizard St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes a moated site situated 150m south-west of Brewood Lodge
in Weston Park.
The moated island measures 18m north-south by 28m west-east and there is
evidence for ex situ sandstone blocks on the island and within the moat ditch.
The moat is approximately 10m wide and up to 2.5m deep. The northern arm is
waterfilled but is beginning to silt up and the western, eastern and southern
arms of the moat are now dry. There are slight earthworks on the outer edge of
the western arm of the moat. An external bank is visible on the southern and
eastern sides of the moat, approximately 8m wide. There is a break in the
outer bank at its south-eastern corner and a 3m-wide dry channel cuts across
the east bank, although this feature is no longer visible beyond the bank's
outer edge.
The moated site in Weston Park may be connected with the park which was first
mentioned in 1346 and which contained a medieval house. A house is known to
have been present on the site in 1658.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site in Weston Park, although situated in dense vegetation,
survives well. The monument is unencumbered by modern development and
represents a good example of a medieval moated site. The moated island will
retain structural and artefactual evidence for the house that originally
occupied the island. Additionally, organic material will be preserved within
the waterlogged moat ditches which will provide information regarding the
environment and economy of its inhabitants.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Hammer, M E, 'Staffordshire Archaeology' in The Moated Sites of Staffordshire, , Vol. 3, (1974), 31

Source: Historic England

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