Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 30m south of Round Copse

A Scheduled Monument in Calbourne, Isle of Wight

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Latitude: 50.6837 / 50°41'1"N

Longitude: -1.3686 / 1°22'7"W

OS Eastings: 444700.464717

OS Northings: 87309.860404

OS Grid: SZ447873

Mapcode National: GBR 8BM.2SD

Mapcode Global: FRA 8708.JMD

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 30m south of Round Copse

Scheduled Date: 19 January 1968

Last Amended: 4 March 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008305

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22003

County: Isle of Wight

Civil Parish: Calbourne

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Isle of Wight

Church of England Parish: Shalfleet St Michael the Archangel

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth


The monument includes a bowl barrow set on the crest of a hill in an
undulating downland setting. To the west the land falls away steeply to a
narrow valley.
The barrow has a mound which measures 20m east-west and 19m north-south and is
c.1.5m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried
during its construction. This has become infilled over the years and can no
longer be seen at ground level, but survives as a buried feature c.4m wide.
The mound was partially excavated by J Denett in 1827 when a cremation was
found, and reopened by Hillier in 1854 but no further finds were made.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite partial excavation in 1827 and 1854, the bowl barrow south of Round
Copse survives well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental
evidence relating to the barrow and the landscape in which it was constructed.
This barrow is an isolated example standing apart from the group of barrows on
Newbarn Down to the south.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Dennett, J, 'Journal of the British Archaeological Association' in Journal of the British Archaeological Association Winchester, (1845), 155-6
Hillier, , 'Journal of the British Archaeological Association' in Journal of the British Archaeological Association Winchester, , Vol. XI, (), 35

Source: Historic England

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