Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Standing stone 150m south-east of Yarberry Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Banwell, North Somerset

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Latitude: 51.3163 / 51°18'58"N

Longitude: -2.8761 / 2°52'33"W

OS Eastings: 339036.981758

OS Northings: 157829.586836

OS Grid: ST390578

Mapcode National: GBR JB.XC8F

Mapcode Global: VH7CT.35CR

Entry Name: Standing stone 150m south-east of Yarberry Farm

Scheduled Date: 18 January 1977

Last Amended: 20 May 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008298

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22810

County: North Somerset

Civil Parish: Banwell

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset


The monument includes a standing stone situated on low-lying level ground 150m
south-east of Yarberry Farm. The stone is a sandstone orthostat c.2.5m high
and c.1.5m wide. It shows signs of weathering and is almost split into two by
a central crack.
The standing stone represents a prehistoric ceremonial monument and is likely
to have been in use as such throughout the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates
ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few
excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs,
ranging from under lm to over 6m high where still erect. They are often
conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes. They can
be accompanied by various features: many occur in or on the edge of round
barrows, and where excavated, associated subsurface features have included
stone cists, stone settings, and various pits and hollows filled in with earth
containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints, pots and pot sherds.
Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones,
which range considerably in depth. Several standing stones also bear cup and
ring marks. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways,
territories, graves, or meeting points, but their accompanying features show
they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual
monument classes of their period that often contain a deposit of cremation and
domestic debris as an integral component. No national survey of standing
stones has been undertaken, and estimates range from 50 to 250 extant
examples, widely distributed throughout England but with concentrations in
Cornwall, the North Yorkshire Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds.
Standing stones are important as nationally rare monuments, with a high
longevity and demonstrating the diversity of ritual practices in the Late
Neolithic and Bronze Age. Consequently all undisturbed standing stones and
those which represent the main range of types and locations would normally be
considered to be of national importance.

The standing stone 150m south-east of Yarberry Farm represents a rare example
of a prehistoric ceremonial monument within the area.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Knight, F A, Seaboard of Mendip, (1902), 459
Classification, Bowman, A, Standing Stones Monument Class Description, (1990)

Source: Historic England

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