Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Unenclosed round house, 200m north of Barrow Cleugh

A Scheduled Monument in Alwinton, Northumberland

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 55.402 / 55°24'7"N

Longitude: -2.2069 / 2°12'24"W

OS Eastings: 386997.535857

OS Northings: 612026.034341

OS Grid: NT869120

Mapcode National: GBR F51Z.0B

Mapcode Global: WHB06.2HD3

Entry Name: Unenclosed round house, 200m north of Barrow Cleugh

Scheduled Date: 23 May 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008267

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25033

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Alwinton

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Details

The monument includes the remains of a timber round house of prehistoric date,
situated in a commanding position on the edge of steep slopes above the Barrow
Burn. The house is visible as a narrow ditch 90cm wide and 20cm deep forming a
circular enclosure 11m in diameter. This ditch provided the setting for the
timber walls of the house.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Unenclosed hut circle settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric
farmers. The hut circles take a variety of forms. Some are stone based and are
visible as low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area. Others were
timber constructions and only the shallow groove in which the timber uprights
used in the wall construction stood can now be identified; this may survive as
a slight earthwork feature or may be visible on aerial photographs. Some can
only be identified by the artificial earthwork platforms created as level
stances for the houses. The number of houses in a settlement varies between
one and twelve. In areas where they were constructed on hillslopes the
platforms on which the houses stood are commonly arrayed in tiers along the
contour of the slope. Several settlements have been shown to be associated
with organised field plots, the fields being defined by low stony banks or
indicated by groups of clearance cairns.
Many unenclosed settlements have been shown to date to the Bronze Age but it
is also clear that they were still being constructed and used in the Early
Iron Age. They provide an important contrast to the various types of enclosed
and defended settlements which were also being constructed and used around the
same time. Their longevity of use and their relationship with other monument
types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation
and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities.

The round house north of Barrow Cleugh is very well preserved and is a good
example of this type of early prehistoric house.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Gates, A, 'Settlement in North Britain 1000BC - AD 1000' in Unenclosed Settlements in Northumberland, (1983), 103-130

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.