Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Stone hut circle 600m south-east of Roos Tor

A Scheduled Monument in Whitchurch, Devon

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Latitude: 50.5692 / 50°34'8"N

Longitude: -4.0504 / 4°3'1"W

OS Eastings: 254890.10935

OS Northings: 76385.616358

OS Grid: SX548763

Mapcode National: GBR Q0.FHDZ

Mapcode Global: FRA 27DK.HTX

Entry Name: Stone hut circle 600m south-east of Roos Tor

Scheduled Date: 8 June 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007991

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22219

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Whitchurch

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


This monument includes a stone hut circle situated on a gentle east-facing
slope overlooking the valley of the River Walkham. The structure is terraced
into the hillslope and is composed of rubble walling. The interior of the
structure is oval in plan, measures 3.9m long by 2.4m wide and is defined by a
wall 1.6m wide standing up to 0.2m high. The hut lies in close proximity to a
substantial Bronze Age field boundary known as the Great Western Reave.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle 600m south-east of Roos Tor survives well and forms part
of a scattered group of at least six stone hut circles situated on the
periphery of a fragmentary field system. It lies in close proximity to the
Bronze Age field boundary known as the Great Western Reave. The hut contains
archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and
the landscape in which it was constructed and, as such, provides a valuable
source of information concerning the nature of Bronze Age occupation and land
use on the west side of the Moor.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991)
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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