Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Stone hut circle 660m east of Roos Tor

A Scheduled Monument in Whitchurch, Devon

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Latitude: 50.5698 / 50°34'11"N

Longitude: -4.0492 / 4°2'56"W

OS Eastings: 254983.37907

OS Northings: 76456.0166

OS Grid: SX549764

Mapcode National: GBR Q0.FHRQ

Mapcode Global: FRA 27DK.JB8

Entry Name: Stone hut circle 660m east of Roos Tor

Scheduled Date: 22 November 1965

Last Amended: 19 January 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007547

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20377

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Whitchurch

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


This monument includes a stone hut circle situated on a gentle east-facing
slope overlooking the valley of the river Walkham. The building lies on the
hillslope and the wall is faced with orthostats. The interior of the structure
measures 6.1m in diameter and has 1.5m wide walls standing up to 0.4m high.
The hut lies in close proximity to a substantial Bronze Age field boundary
known as The Great Western Reave and on the periphery of a contemporary
fragmentary field system.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle 660m east of Roos Tor survives comparatively well and
forms part of a scattered group of at least six stone hut circles situated on
the periphery of a fragmentary field system in close proximity to the Bronze
Age field boundary known as The Great Western Reave. The hut contains
archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and
the landscape in which it was constructed and, as such, provides a valuable
source of information concerning the nature of Bronze Age occupation and land
use on the west side of the moor.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Gerrard, S, Greeves, T, 'Dartmoor Tinworking Research Group Interim Report' in Excavation Of Upper Merrivale Tin Blowing And Stamping Mill, , Vol. 1, (1991), 7
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57NW39,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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