Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Box Hill, 230m west of Upper Farm Bungalow

A Scheduled Monument in Box Hill and Headley, Surrey

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2488 / 51°14'55"N

Longitude: -0.3024 / 0°18'8"W

OS Eastings: 518577.720277

OS Northings: 151327.590282

OS Grid: TQ185513

Mapcode National: GBR HGC.NC9

Mapcode Global: VHGS1.QW01

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Box Hill, 230m west of Upper Farm Bungalow

Scheduled Date: 4 July 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007889

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20183

County: Surrey

Electoral Ward/Division: Box Hill and Headley

Built-Up Area: Box Hill

Traditional County: Surrey

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Surrey

Church of England Parish: Mickleham

Church of England Diocese: Guildford

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of Box Hill, a steep
south-facing escarpment in an area of chalk downland. The barrow has a
mound 20m in diameter and 2.2m high with a slight hollow in the top suggesting
that it was once partially excavated. Surrounding the mound is a ditch
from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This
has become partially infilled over the years and is now only visible as a
slight depression to the west of the mound 3m-4m wide and 0.1m deep. Elsewhere
it survives as a buried feature.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite possible partial excavation, the bowl barrow on Box Hill 230m west of
Upper Farm Bungalow survives well as a fine example of its class and contains
archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to both the
monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Surrey Archaeological Collections' in An Analysis And List Of Surrey Barrows, , Vol. 42, (1934), 52

Source: Historic England

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