Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows on Brighstone Down within the area of Brighstone Forest: 1.1km NNE of Coombe Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Brighstone, Isle of Wight

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.661 / 50°39'39"N

Longitude: -1.3918 / 1°23'30"W

OS Eastings: 443082.707654

OS Northings: 84763.568683

OS Grid: SZ430847

Mapcode National: GBR 8BS.GY0

Mapcode Global: FRA 77ZB.7L6

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows on Brighstone Down within the area of Brighstone Forest: 1.1km NNE of Coombe Farm

Scheduled Date: 1 November 1967

Last Amended: 8 August 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007801

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21980

County: Isle of Wight

Civil Parish: Brighstone

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Isle of Wight

Church of England Parish: Brighstone

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows orientated north west-south east and
set on a gently sloping west-facing slope in an area of chalk downland.
The barrows have mounds measuring 9m and 6m in diameter and are both 1m high.
Surrounding each mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its
construction. These have become infilled over the years and can no longer be
seen at ground level but survive as buried features c.2m wide.
There is a central depression in the top of one of the barrow mounds
indicative of an antiquarian excavation.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation of one of the barrows, the two bowl
barrows in Brighstone Forest survive well and will contain archaeological
remains and environmental evidence relating to the barrows and the landscape
in which they were constructed. These barrows are amongst a number which
survive in the area of Brighstone Down.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
'Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc' in Proceedings of the I.O.W. Nat History and Archaeological Soc, , Vol. 3, (1940), 204

Source: Historic England

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