Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 550m SSE of Gottenleaze Cottages

A Scheduled Monument in Calbourne, Isle of Wight

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6636 / 50°39'48"N

Longitude: -1.3997 / 1°23'58"W

OS Eastings: 442522.021072

OS Northings: 85048.607623

OS Grid: SZ425850

Mapcode National: GBR 8BS.6Y5

Mapcode Global: FRA 77YB.4HY

Entry Name: Round barrow 550m SSE of Gottenleaze Cottages

Scheduled Date: 11 February 2002

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020264

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33968

County: Isle of Wight

Civil Parish: Calbourne

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Isle of Wight

Church of England Parish: Calbourne All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated on the north western slopes of a
chalk hill within Brighstone Forest. The barrow mound, which is circular in
plan, is a maximum of 15m in diameter and 1.3m in height. A ditch, from which
material was excavated for the barrow's construction, surrounds the mound.
This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature
approximately 2m in width.
A further series of barrows to the south east are the subject of separate
schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to
the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered
single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as
cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are
over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area
where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl
or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The barrow 550m SSE of Gottenleaze Cottages survives as a substantial
earthwork which will retain archaeological information pertaining to its
construction and use. In addition the old land surface sealed beneath the
mound and the fill of the encircling ditch are likely to contain environmental
evidence relating to the landscape in which the barrow was placed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Isle of Wight County Council, Record Number 3457, (1999)

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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