Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn 690m south-east of Gaythorne Cottages

A Scheduled Monument in Asby, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.5015 / 54°30'5"N

Longitude: -2.5447 / 2°32'40"W

OS Eastings: 364821.645757

OS Northings: 511929.938693

OS Grid: NY648119

Mapcode National: GBR BJND.W3

Mapcode Global: WH93B.W3FY

Entry Name: Round cairn 690m south-east of Gaythorne Cottages

Scheduled Date: 23 November 1964

Last Amended: 2 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007585

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22472

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Asby

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Crosby Ravensworth St Lawrence

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument is a round cairn located on the gently graded north-facing slope
of Gaythorne Plain 690m south-east of Gaythorne Cottages. It includes a
largely turf-covered oval mound of limestone rubble up to 1.2m high with
maximum dimensions of 18m by 14m. Limited antiquarian investigation located
the broken and scattered bones of two individuals situated upon a rock outcrop
around which the cairn had been constructed. A short distance south-east of
the mound's centre was an urn containing a cremation, and elsewhere amongst
the cairn ox bones were located.
An information sign on the monument's eastern side is excluded from the
scheduling although the ground beneath it is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or multiple burials and
dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000 - 700 BC). They were constructed as mounds of
earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter but usually considerably
smaller; a kerb of edge set stones sometimes bound the edges of the mound.
Burials were placed in small pits, on the old land surface or, on occasion,
within a box-like structure called a cist let into the old ground surface or
dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as isolated monuments,
in small groups or in large cemeteries. Their considerable variation in form
and longevity as a monument type provides important information on the
diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social organisation in the Bronze
Age. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial
proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation.
Despite limited antiquarian investigation the round cairn 690m south-east of
Gaythorne Cottages survives well. This investigation located human and faunal
remains together with pottery, and further evidence of interments and grave
goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England


Charlesworth, D., AM 7, (1964)
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows, (1989)
In SMR No. 1772, Clare, T, (1972)
SMR No. 1772, Cumbria SMR, 2 Round barrows on Gaythorne Plain, (1985)

Source: Historic England

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