Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn 600m south-east of Gaythorne Cottages

A Scheduled Monument in Crosby Ravensworth, Cumbria

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Latitude: 54.5018 / 54°30'6"N

Longitude: -2.5461 / 2°32'46"W

OS Eastings: 364730.133891

OS Northings: 511964.422389

OS Grid: NY647119

Mapcode National: GBR BJND.K0

Mapcode Global: WH93B.V3RP

Entry Name: Round cairn 600m south-east of Gaythorne Cottages

Scheduled Date: 23 November 1964

Last Amended: 2 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007584

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22471

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Crosby Ravensworth

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Crosby Ravensworth St Lawrence

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle


The monument is a round cairn located on the gently graded north-facing slope
of Gaythorne Plain 600m south-east of Gaythorne Cottages. It includes a partly
turf-covered oval mound of limestone rubble up to 1m high with maximum
dimensions of 14m by 12m. Three rounded stones on the southern edge of the
cairn are the remains of a kerb. Limited antiquarian investigation of the
cairn located the scattered and broken bones of an adult laid upon the old
landsurface. A further four kerbstones were also found.
An information sign at the monument's centre is excluded from the scheduling,
although the ground beneath it is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite limited antiquarian investigation the round cairn 600m south-east of
Gaythorne Cottages survives well. This investigation located human remains,
and further evidence of interments will exist within the mound and upon the
old landsurface.

Source: Historic England


Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows, (1989)
SMR No. 1771, Cumbria SMR, 2 Round barrows on Gaythorne Plain, (1985)

Source: Historic England

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