Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 20m east of Ravens' Gill

A Scheduled Monument in Crosby Ravensworth, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5013 / 54°30'4"N

Longitude: -2.5766 / 2°34'35"W

OS Eastings: 362753.976124

OS Northings: 511927.188806

OS Grid: NY627119

Mapcode National: GBR BJFD.Z5

Mapcode Global: WH93B.D482

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 20m east of Ravens' Gill

Scheduled Date: 18 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007603

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22484

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Crosby Ravensworth

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Crosby Ravensworth St Lawrence

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Details

The monument is a bowl barrow located on the western edge of a narrow plateau
east of Ravens' Gill between the bottom of a hillslope and the steep declivity
to the gill. It includes a slightly oval earthen mound up to 0.6m high with
maximum dimensions of 8m by 7.5m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite some minor stock erosion to the monument's surface, the bowl barrow
20m east of Ravens' Gill survives reasonably well. It is a rare survival in
Cumbria of an unexcavated example of this class of monument and will contain
undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old
landsurface.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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