Ancient Monuments

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Moated site and annexe south of Gale Bay

A Scheduled Monument in Barton, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.6022 / 54°36'7"N

Longitude: -2.8312 / 2°49'52"W

OS Eastings: 346403.025484

OS Northings: 523318.535185

OS Grid: NY464233

Mapcode National: GBR 8HN7.V0

Mapcode Global: WH81H.HL17

Entry Name: Moated site and annexe south of Gale Bay

Scheduled Date: 24 November 1964

Last Amended: 17 September 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007405

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22508

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Barton

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Pooley Bridge St Paul

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Details

The monument is a moated site and an associated annexe south of Gale Bay. It
includes Hodgson Hill, a natural feature, measuring approximately 90m by 50m
and up to 8m high, that has been altered by some levelling of the summit to
create a building platform and the digging of a now infilled moat up to 10m
wide around its base on all sides except the west where Ullswater affords
protection. Immediately to the south of the moat is a flat platform or annexe,
also formed by a modification of the natural hillslope, measuring c.50m by
25m.
According to local tradition the monument is known as Tristermont, home of Sir
Tristram, one of the knights of King Arthur's Round Table. The site is
mentioned in a 14th century document by Sir W Strickland and his son, Thomas.
Past ploughing has revealed sandstone on the summit of the hill, indicative of
structural foundations.
All modern field boundaries are excluded from the scheduling, but the ground
beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite erosion on the monument's western side that has obscured the
surrounding moat, and infilling of the remainder of the moat, the monument's
earthworks survive reasonably well. Documentary evidence indicates the site
was occupied during the 14th century and past ploughing on the summit of the
hill has revealed sandstone confirming that structural foundations survive.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Machell, , Antiquary on Horseback, (1691)
Curwen, J F, 'Trans Cumb & West Antiq & Arch Soc. Extra Ser.' in Castles and Towers of Cumb, West and Lancs N of the Sands, (1913), 48
Hay, T , 'Trans Cumb & West Antiq & Arch Soc. New Ser.' in Ullswater Notes, , Vol. XXXVIII, (1938), 42-3
Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Moats, (1988)
RCHME, Westmorland, (1936)
SMR No. 2959, Cumbria SMR, Moated Site South of Gale Bay, (1987)
To Robinson,K.D. MPPFW, Mr Lowis (site tenant), (1992)

Source: Historic England

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