Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 250m SSE of Meadows Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Shocklach Oviatt and District, Cheshire West and Chester

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.0296 / 53°1'46"N

Longitude: -2.8147 / 2°48'52"W

OS Eastings: 345459.197451

OS Northings: 348344.859832

OS Grid: SJ454483

Mapcode National: GBR 7F.F0T1

Mapcode Global: WH897.Q3WS

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 250m SSE of Meadows Farm

Scheduled Date: 7 January 1972

Last Amended: 19 October 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007388

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22587

County: Cheshire West and Chester

Civil Parish: Shocklach Oviatt and District

Traditional County: Cheshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cheshire

Church of England Parish: Tilston St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Chester

Details

The monument is a bowl barrow located on flat land 250m SSE of Meadows Farm.
It includes a slightly oval clay mound up to 1.5m high with maximum dimensions
of 24m by 23m. Surrounding the barrow on all sides except the south, where it
has been truncated by a tree-lined farm track, is a shallow ditch up to 8m
wide which has been partly infilled by material from the barrow during
subsequent ploughing. Limited investigation of the monument's centre located a
thick oak plank, thought to be part of an oak
trunk coffin, at a depth of 2.5m below the barrow's surface. A post and wire
fence on the monument's southern side is excluded from the scheduling, but the
ground beneath the fence is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite past ploughing and limited investigation of the monument's centre, the
bowl barrow 250m SSE of Meadows Farm survives reasonably well.
This investigation located part of an oak coffin, and further evidence of
interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old
landsurface beneath.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
'CBA Group 5 Newsletter' in , , Vol. 7, (1966), 7
Petch, D F, 'CAB' in , , Vol. 4, (1976), 28
Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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