Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Rectangular enclosures 520m west of Rosecare Villa Farm

A Scheduled Monument in St. Gennys, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.7252 / 50°43'30"N

Longitude: -4.5894 / 4°35'21"W

OS Eastings: 217337.119351

OS Northings: 94929.852232

OS Grid: SX173949

Mapcode National: GBR N8.3NYZ

Mapcode Global: FRA 1785.9VR

Entry Name: Rectangular enclosures 520m west of Rosecare Villa Farm

Scheduled Date: 7 October 1977

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007281

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 1051

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Gennys

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Gennys

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes rectangular enclosures, situated on a south facing slope, overlooking the valley of the river leading to Crackington Haven. The enclosures survive as a large rectangular enclosure measuring approximately 60m long by 45m wide with a smaller rectangular enclosure of 30m long by 25m wide immediately to the south. This smaller enclosure has a further internal division. The features are preserved as mainly buried structures which are visible on aerial photographs, although they can be seen as very slight earthworks on the surface.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-434712

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Throughout the country many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of stone and earth, some of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to accommodate animal shelters and hut circle settlements for farmers or herders. The size and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably, depending on their particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to other monument classes provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices among prehistoric communities. Despite reduction in the height of the banks through cultivation, the rectangular enclosures 520m west of Rosecare Villa Farm will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, function, date, longevity, agricultural practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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