Ancient Monuments

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Round 260m south west of Trengayor

A Scheduled Monument in St. Gennys, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7508 / 50°45'2"N

Longitude: -4.5927 / 4°35'33"W

OS Eastings: 217198.886625

OS Northings: 97778.687803

OS Grid: SX171977

Mapcode National: GBR N8.223G

Mapcode Global: FRA 1783.8KY

Entry Name: Round 260m south west of Trengayor

Scheduled Date: 25 October 1976

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1005447

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 960

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Gennys

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Gennys

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a round, situated on the summit of a prominent coastal hill, overlooking the valley of the Millook Water. The round survives as a roughly circular enclosure measuring approximately 35m in diameter internally. It is defined by a slight outer bank, of up to 0.6m high, and a buried outer ditch.

A field boundary crosses the northern rampart and is excluded from the monument although the ground beneath it is included.

The round was first recorded by the Victoria County History.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-434648

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rounds are small embanked enclosures, one of a range of settlement types dating to between the later Iron Age and the early post-Roman period. Usually circular or oval, they have a single earth and rubble bank and an outer ditch, with one entrance breaking the circuit. Excavations have produced drystone supporting walls within the bank, paved or cobbled entrance ways, post built gate structures, and remains of timber, turf or stone built houses of oval or rectangular plan, often set around the inner edge of the enclosing bank. Other evidence includes hearths, drains, gullies, pits and rubbish middens. Evidence for industrial activities has been recovered from some sites, including small scale metal working and, among the domestic debris, items traded from distant sources. Some rounds are associated with secondary enclosures, either abutting the round as an annexe or forming an additional enclosure. Rounds are viewed primarily as agricultural settlements, the equivalents of farming hamlets. They were replaced by unenclosed settlement types by the 7th century AD. Over 750 rounds are recorded in the British Isles, occurring in areas bordering the Irish Seas, but confined in England to south west Devon and especially Cornwall, where many more examples may await discovery. Most recorded examples are sited on hillslopes and spurs. Rounds are important as one of the major sources of information on settlement and social organisation of the Iron Age and Roman periods in south west England. Despite reduction in the height of the rampart through cultivation, the round 260m south west of Trengayor, with its unusual location at the summit of a hill, survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, trade, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial significance, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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