Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round 310m south of Mill Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Poundstock, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.7667 / 50°46'0"N

Longitude: -4.5729 / 4°34'22"W

OS Eastings: 218659.585317

OS Northings: 99506.451835

OS Grid: SX186995

Mapcode National: GBR N9.116P

Mapcode Global: FRA 1792.48V

Entry Name: Round 310m south of Mill Farm

Scheduled Date: 30 March 1977

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1005446

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 959

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Poundstock

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Poundstock

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a round, situated close to the end of a steep-sided spur, overlooking the valley of the Millook Water. The round survives as a roughly circular platform of approximately 46m in diameter. It is defined differentially by a scarp of up to 0.6m high to the south and up to 1.9m high to the north. The outer ditch is preserved as a buried feature, and there are traces of a counterscarp bank to the north. The interior contains a series of surface undulations which may show the position of internal features.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-434632

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rounds are small embanked enclosures, one of a range of settlement types dating to between the later Iron Age and the early post-Roman period. Usually circular or oval, they have a single earth and rubble bank and an outer ditch, with one entrance breaking the circuit. Excavations have produced drystone supporting walls within the bank, paved or cobbled entrance ways, post built gate structures, and remains of timber, turf or stone built houses of oval or rectangular plan, often set around the inner edge of the enclosing bank. Other evidence includes hearths, drains, gullies, pits and rubbish middens. Evidence for industrial activities has been recovered from some sites, including small scale metal working and, among the domestic debris, items traded from distant sources. Some rounds are associated with secondary enclosures, either abutting the round as an annexe or forming an additional enclosure. Rounds are viewed primarily as agricultural settlements, the equivalents of farming hamlets. They were replaced by unenclosed settlement types by the 7th century AD. Over 750 rounds are recorded in the British Isles, occurring in areas bordering the Irish Seas, but confined in England to south west Devon and especially Cornwall. Most recorded examples are sited on hillslopes and spurs. Rounds are important as one of the major sources of information on settlement and social organisation of the Iron Age and Roman periods in south west England. Despite reduction in the height of the rampart through cultivation, the round 310m south of Mill Farm survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, trade, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial significance, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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