Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round 800m south east of Pengold Farm

A Scheduled Monument in St. Gennys, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.716 / 50°42'57"N

Longitude: -4.6312 / 4°37'52"W

OS Eastings: 214346.720782

OS Northings: 94015.108347

OS Grid: SX143940

Mapcode National: GBR N6.4B6Q

Mapcode Global: FRA 1755.ZHC

Entry Name: Round 800m south east of Pengold Farm

Scheduled Date: 19 March 1974

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1005439

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 951

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Gennys

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Gennys

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a round, situated on a slight slope at the eastern end of a spur, overlooking the steep valley of a tributary to the River Ottery. The round survives as an oval enclosure measuring approximately 100m long by 70m wide. It is defined by a rampart with a buried outer ditch, both of which are preserved differentially. The rampart and ditch are best preserved to the west where the original entrance is clearly defined; to the other sides the rampart survives as a scarp of up to 1.7m high. The round, known locally as 'Pengold Camp', is listed as a defensive earthwork by the Victoria County History.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-434713

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rounds are small embanked enclosures, one of a range of settlement types dating to between the later Iron Age and the early post-Roman period. Usually circular or oval, they have a single earth and rubble bank and an outer ditch, with one entrance breaking the circuit. Excavations have produced drystone supporting walls within the bank, paved or cobbled entrance ways, post built gate structures, and remains of timber, turf or stone built houses of oval or rectangular plan, often set around the inner edge of the enclosing bank. Other evidence includes hearths, drains, gullies, pits and rubbish middens. Evidence for industrial activities has been recovered from some sites, including small scale metal working and, among the domestic debris, items traded from distant sources. Some rounds are associated with secondary enclosures, either abutting the round as an annexe or forming an additional enclosure. Rounds are viewed primarily as agricultural settlements, the equivalents of farming hamlets. They were replaced by unenclosed settlement types by the 7th century AD. Over 750 rounds are recorded in the British Isles, occurring in areas bordering the Irish Seas, but confined in England to south west Devon and especially Cornwall. Most recorded examples are sited on hillslopes and spurs. Rounds are important as one of the major sources of information on settlement and social organisation of the Iron Age and Roman periods in south west England. Despite reduction in the height of the rampart through cultivation, the round 800m south east of Pengold Farm survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, trade, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial significance, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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