Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 1/4 mile (400m) north of Wharton Hall

A Scheduled Monument in Wharton, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.4542 / 54°27'15"N

Longitude: -2.3554 / 2°21'19"W

OS Eastings: 377054.269861

OS Northings: 506597.426484

OS Grid: NY770065

Mapcode National: GBR CJZY.V1

Mapcode Global: WH93M.S9KN

Entry Name: Round barrow 1/4 mile (400m) N of Wharton Hall

Scheduled Date: 16 November 1964

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007216

English Heritage Legacy ID: CU 133

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Wharton

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Kirkby Stephen with Mallerstang and Crosby Garrett with Soulby

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Summary

Round Barrow, 399m north of Wharton Hall.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 25 February 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes the remains of a round barrow of Bronze Age date, situated on level ground just to the west of the River Eden. The barrow is sub-circular in plan and measures approximately 18m in diameter and 2m in height.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The round barrow, 399m north of Wharton Hall is well-preserved as an earthwork and will contain archaeological deposits relating to its construction and use and environmental deposits relating to the use of the surrounding landscape. The monument provides insight into the character of funerary rituals during the Bronze Age period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:- 14632

Source: Historic England

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