Ancient Monuments

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Earthwork 600ft (180m) north west of Coupland Beck Farmhouse

A Scheduled Monument in Warcop, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5651 / 54°33'54"N

Longitude: -2.4504 / 2°27'1"W

OS Eastings: 370970.813753

OS Northings: 518972.455568

OS Grid: NY709189

Mapcode National: GBR CHBN.89

Mapcode Global: WH930.BJC4

Entry Name: Earthwork 600ft (180m) NW of Coupland Beck Farmhouse

Scheduled Date: 17 November 1964

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007177

English Heritage Legacy ID: CU 272

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Warcop

Traditional County: Westmorland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Appleby St Lawrence

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Summary

Motte, 119m north west of Couplandbeck Bridge.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 23 March 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes the remains of a motte of medieval date, situated on the end of a natural spur. The enclosure, which is preserved as an earthwork, is oval in plan and measures approximately 20m by 15m. The enclosure is surrounded by a rampart except for on the south side and an intermittent ditch with a depth of about 1m.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Motte castles are medieval fortifications introduced into Britain by the Normans. They comprised a large conical mound of earth or rubble, the motte, surmounted by a palisade and a stone or timber tower. In a majority of examples an embanked enclosure containing additional buildings, the bailey, adjoined the motte. Motte castles and motte-and-bai1ey castles acted as garrison forts during offensive military operations, as strongholds, and, in many cases, as aristocratic residences and as centres of local or royal administration. Built in towns, villages and open countryside, motte castles generally occupied strategic positions dominating their immediate locality and, as a result, are the most visually impressive monuments of the early post-Conquest period surviving in the modern landscape. Over 600 motte castles and motte-and-bailey castles are recorded nationally, with examples known from most regions. Some 100-150 examples do not have baileys and are classified as motte castles. As one of a restricted range of recognised early post-Conquest monuments, they are particularly important for the study of Norman Britain and the development of the feudal system. Although many were occupied for only a short period of time, motte castles continued to be built and occupied from the 11th to the 13th centuries, after which they were superseded by other types of castle.

The Motte 119m north west of Couplandbeck Bridge is reasonably well-preserved as an earthwork. The monument provides insight into fortifications of earlier medieval date and will contain archaeological deposits relating to its construction, use and abandonment.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:- 14890

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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