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Canal aqueduct

A Scheduled Monument in Forton, Staffordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.7858 / 52°47'8"N

Longitude: -2.3623 / 2°21'44"W

OS Eastings: 375662.55264

OS Northings: 320972.939163

OS Grid: SJ756209

Mapcode National: GBR 05G.9LC

Mapcode Global: WH9CR.P79P

Entry Name: Canal aqueduct

Scheduled Date: 18 March 1972

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1006078

English Heritage Legacy ID: ST 226

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Forton

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Forton All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield

Summary

Multi span canal aqueduct and skew bridge 90m ENE of Brook House.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 10 June 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a multi span canal aqueduct and bridge spanning the River Meese. It is built of coursed squared stone and includes three arches spanning the river. It was built in 1833 by the engineer Thomas Telford to carry the Newport branch of the Shropshire Union Canal and a public road over the River Meese.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The principal age of canal building began in England in 1759 and played an important part in the growth and expansion of trade in many parts of the country, linking the river network and major ports. Canals also facilitated the relatively rapid movement of bulk agricultural produce from the countryside to the rapidly expanding industrial towns of the north and the midlands. Canal construction brought with it a whole range of associated structures. Many of these, such as bridges, canal workers' houses, warehouses, wet docks, dry docks, locks and water management systems involved the modification and development of the existing designs of such structures to meet the new requirements of the Canal Age, which also introduced the need for major technological innovation. The earlier canal bridges tended to be of brick or stone, depending on the local sources available and provided access for horse-drawn boats. They are usually single span due to the narrowness of the canals. During the later period cast iron bridges became more prominent. Normally a local builder was appointed by the engineer to construct a number of bridges creating local distinctiveness in bridge designs. The great age of canal construction lasted until about the 1840s, when their utility was eroded by the huge expansion of railways with their quick and cheap transportation of people and goods. During their relatively brief period of use, however, canals became the most important method of industrial transportation, making a major contribution to England's Industrial Revolution. Surviving remains of the early industrial waterways transport network and associated structures are particularly important both by virtue of their rarity and representivity.

The multi span canal aqueduct and skew bridge 90m ENE of Brook House survives in good condition. It is representative of Thomas Telford’s engineering achievements and an important period in the development of the network of waterway transportation and associated structures.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Pastscape: 877041

Source: Historic England

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