Ancient Monuments

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Three bowl barrows 245m north west of Gregwartha Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Wendron, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.2015 / 50°12'5"N

Longitude: -5.2336 / 5°14'0"W

OS Eastings: 169340.911108

OS Northings: 38504.523796

OS Grid: SW693385

Mapcode National: GBR Z3.GGB1

Mapcode Global: VH12R.76LC

Entry Name: Three bowl barrows 245m north west of Gregwartha Cottage

Scheduled Date: 28 June 1974

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1005431

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 939

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Wendron

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Redruth

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument, which falls into three areas of protection, includes three bowl barrows, situated at the summit of a prominent ridge, overlooking Stithians Reservoir. The barrows are arranged in a north to south linear alignment and survive as circular mounds surrounded by buried quarry ditches, from which their construction material was derived. The southern barrow mound measures up to 42m in diameter and 1.5m high. In 1851it was reported that the largest barrow of the group was partially excavated and produced a skeleton in a long cist. It is thought that this barrow was the one referred to in the record. The central barrow mound stands up to 31m in diameter and 1m high. The northern barrow is 25m in diameter and 1.4m high.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-425669

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite partial early excavation, the three bowl barrows 245m north west of Gregwartha Cottage survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronologies, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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