Ancient Monuments

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Settlement site NNE of Fernhill Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Charlton, Worcestershire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.1197 / 52°7'11"N

Longitude: -1.9867 / 1°59'12"W

OS Eastings: 401004.384056

OS Northings: 246825.184023

OS Grid: SP010468

Mapcode National: GBR 2JR.2JV

Mapcode Global: VHB0L.JZ1D

Entry Name: Settlement site NNE of Fernhill Farm

Scheduled Date: 19 October 1973

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1005287

English Heritage Legacy ID: WT 288

County: Worcestershire

Civil Parish: Charlton

Traditional County: Worcestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Worcestershire

Church of England Parish: Fladbury, Hill and Moor, Wyre Piddle, Cropthorne and Charlton

Church of England Diocese: Worcester

Summary

Prehistoric and Roman remains 570m north east of Fernhill Farm.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 20 May 2015. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records. As such they do not yet have the full descriptions of their modernised counterparts available. Please contact us if you would like further information.

This monument includes a prehistoric and Roman settlement located on a moderate north facing slope overlooking the River Avon. The monument is known from cropmarks visible on aerial photographs and survives as two sub rectangular enclosures and around fifty pits. The sub rectangular enclosures are situated on the north and south of the monument. Some of the pits are formed in to two lines joining at a right angle. The remainder of the pits are grouped within the angle.

The features and character of the site is comparable with a site at Fladbury (NGR: SO 9846 4680) that is dated to the prehistoric and Roman periods.

Further archaeological remains survive to the west of the monument, and are the subject of a separate scheduling.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Although they can frequently only be located through aerial photography. All homestead sites which survive substantially intact will normally be identified as nationally important. Romano-British aggregate villages are nucleated settlements formed by groups of five or more subsistence level farmsteads enclosed either individually or collectively, or with no formal boundary. Most enclosures, where they occur, are formed by curvilinear walls or banks, sometimes surrounded by ditches, and the dwellings are usually associated with pits, stock enclosures, cultivation plots and field systems, indicating a mixed farming economy. In use throughout the Roman period (c.43-450 AD), they often occupied sites of earlier agricultural settlements. In view of their rarity, all positively identified examples with surviving remains are considered to merit protection. Despite ploughing and the insertion of a farm track, the prehistoric and Roman remains 570m north east of Fernhill Farm survive comparatively well. The archaeological remains survive exclusively as buried features or remains and the monument is significant in its own right and as part of a wider archaeological landscape of prehistoric and Roman settlements on both sides of the River Avon. The enclosures and pits will have potential for remaining layers and deposits that will contain important archaeological information relating to the use, construction and occupation of the monument in addition to providing environmental evidence.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Pastscape Monument No:- 328318

Source: Historic England

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