Ancient Monuments

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Three bowl barrows 1295m east of Trenoon forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs

A Scheduled Monument in Grade-Ruan, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.0221 / 50°1'19"N

Longitude: -5.1832 / 5°10'59"W

OS Eastings: 172083.1323

OS Northings: 18405.5652

OS Grid: SW720184

Mapcode National: GBR Z6.GPLF

Mapcode Global: FRA 081Y.DJQ

Entry Name: Three bowl barrows 1295m east of Trenoon forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs

Scheduled Date: 8 June 1970

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004635

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 766

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Grade-Ruan

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Ruan Minor

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument, which falls into three areas of protection, includes three bowl barrows, situated on the south western side of Goonhilly Downs and forming part of an extensive and dispersed round barrow cemetery. The barrows survive as circular mounds surrounded by buried quarry ditches, from which their construction material was derived. They range in size from 17m up to 21m in diameter and from 1.3m to 1.5m high.

Other barrows which form part of the cemetery are the subject of separate schedulings.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-426623

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite some disturbance, the three bowl barrows 1295m east of Trenoon forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to their construction, relative chronologies, territorial significance, social organisation, ritual and funerary practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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