Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 870m north west of Gwendreath Farm forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs

A Scheduled Monument in Grade-Ruan, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.0164 / 50°0'58"N

Longitude: -5.1747 / 5°10'29"W

OS Eastings: 172661.020405

OS Northings: 17744.213661

OS Grid: SW726177

Mapcode National: GBR Z6.H5SQ

Mapcode Global: FRA 081Y.XGS

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 870m north west of Gwendreath Farm forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs

Scheduled Date: 3 June 1970

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004629

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 689

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Grade-Ruan

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Ruan Minor

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a bowl barrow, situated on the south eastern side of Goonhilly Downs in the area known as Chiverton Croft. It forms part of an extensive and dispersed round barrow cemetery. The barrow survives as a circular mound measuring up to 10m in diameter and 0.7m high and incorporates a natural rock out crop. Its surrounding quarry ditch, from which the construction material was derived, is preserved as a buried feature.
The other barrows forming part of the round barrow cemetery are the subject of separate schedulings.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-426632

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. The bowl barrow 870m north west of Gwendreath Farm forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Goonhilly Downs survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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