Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 470m north of Ruan Pool

A Scheduled Monument in Grade-Ruan, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.0024 / 50°0'8"N

Longitude: -5.2157 / 5°12'56"W

OS Eastings: 169662.01147

OS Northings: 16319.965622

OS Grid: SW696163

Mapcode National: GBR Z5.5T7L

Mapcode Global: VH13Q.K61G

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 470m north of Ruan Pool

Scheduled Date: 3 June 1970

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004337

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 698

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: Grade-Ruan

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Ruan Minor

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a bowl barrow, situated on a wide plateau close to Ruan Pool on the Lizard Peninsula. The barrow survives as a low circular mound measuring up to 13m in diameter and 0.5m high. Its surrounding quarry ditch, from which the construction material was derived, is preserved as a buried feature. The barrow was first identified by Thomas in 1850.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-425211

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period. Despite reduction in the height of the mound through past cultivation, the bowl barrow 470m north of Ruan Pool survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, territorial significance, social organisation, funerary and ritual practices and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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