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Enclosures west of Woodlands

A Scheduled Monument in Adisham, Kent

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.237 / 51°14'13"N

Longitude: 1.1686 / 1°10'6"E

OS Eastings: 621281.177237

OS Northings: 153413.400837

OS Grid: TR212534

Mapcode National: GBR W03.88R

Mapcode Global: VHLGW.65ML

Entry Name: Enclosures W of Woodlands

Scheduled Date: 7 October 1977

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1004191

English Heritage Legacy ID: KE 317

County: Kent

Civil Parish: Adisham

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent

Summary

A double-ditched curvilinear enclosure, a rectilinear enclosure, ring ditch and pits, 175m north-west of Woodlands Manor.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes a double-ditched curvilinear enclosure, a rectilinear enclosure, ring ditch and pits surviving as buried remains. It is situated on an east facing slope near Woodland Woods, south-west of Adisham.

The features have been recorded as crop marks on aerial photographs. The double-ditched curvilinear enclosure is delineated by two in-filled ditches surviving as buried features. It is oval in shape and orientated north-east to south-west. The enclosure is approximately 110m long by 78m wide. There is a 10m wide entrance, indicated by a break in the two ditches, in the south-east side. The enclosure is thought to be an Iron Age enclosed farmstead. Within the interior is a ring ditch, about 10m in diameter, and several possible pits. This is considered to be the buried remains of a round house and refuse pits associated with Iron Age occupation.

A rectilinear enclosure appears to partly overlie the curvilinear enclosure. It is delineated by an in-filled ditch surviving as a buried feature. It is orientated north-east to south-west, on the same alignment as the curvilinear enclosure, and is approximately 90m long by 83m wide. An entrance, indicated by a break in the ditch, is also evident to the south-east. A curvilinear ditch runs approximately 64m south-east from the entrance. There is a further linear feature, appearing to comprise two ditches at right angles to each other, to the north of the enclosures. The rectilinear enclosure and other ditches may be boundary features associated with later management of the landscape, possibly in the Roman period.

The site was recorded as part of the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (RCHME) Kent Mapping Project carried out in 1986-7. This produced 1:10,000 scale depictions of crop marks identified on oblique and vertical aerial photographs taken across Kent.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

On modern arable sites, where cultivation has taken place, the earthworks of archaeological monuments are sometimes levelled or the ditches in-filled and can instead be identified as crop and soil marks. These occur due to differential crop growth (crop marks) or differences in soil colour (soil marks) as a result of buried archaeological features. Where these have been excavated, they are often shown to contain significant archaeological remains and deposits surviving below the modern ground level.

Iron Age enclosed farmsteads are generally represented by curvilinear enclosures containing evidence of a small group of circular domestic buildings and associated agricultural structures. Where excavated, these sites are also found to contain pits or rectangular post-built structures for the storage of grain and other produce, evidence of an organised and efficient farming system. The surrounding enclosures would have provided protection against cattle rustling and tribal raiding. In central and southern England, most enclosed Iron Age farmsteads are situated in areas which are now under intensive arable cultivation. As a result, although some examples survive with upstanding earthworks, the majority have been recorded as crop- and soil-marks appearing on aerial photographs.

The double-ditched curvilinear enclosure, rectilinear enclosure, ring ditch and pits survive well as buried remains and are clearly visible on aerial photographs. The site has not been excavated and retains potential for further archaeological investigation, which will provide information regarding the exact nature of the archaeological remains. The double-ditched curvilinear enclosure, ring ditch and pits are thought to be the remains of an Iron Age farmstead. The rectilinear enclosure may be associated with later use of the site, possibly in the Roman period. The buried remains will provide archaeological information and environmental evidence relating to the features and the landscape in which they were constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Kent HER TR 25 SW 30. NMR TR 25 SW 30, TR 25 SW 71. PastScape 466748, 466789. ,

Source: Historic England

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