Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 350m south west of Upper Digges Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Adisham, Kent

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Latitude: 51.2135 / 51°12'48"N

Longitude: 1.1672 / 1°10'2"E

OS Eastings: 621299.359887

OS Northings: 150795.426618

OS Grid: TR212507

Mapcode National: GBR W09.V86

Mapcode Global: VHLGW.5RXM

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 350m south west of Upper Digges Farm

Scheduled Date: 24 February 1955

Last Amended: 6 February 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012225

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12810

County: Kent

Civil Parish: Adisham

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent


The monument includes a Bronze Age barrow which comprises an earthen
mound and an encircling ditch. The mound survives as a low, circular
rise, up to 1m high and 32m in diameter, in an arable field. It is
clearly visible as a dark soil mark in the chalk-rich field. Of the
surrounding ditch nothing is visible and it is likely that the mound,
which was formerly considerably higher, has been spread over the ditch
in the course of agricultural activity, disguising it completely.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite the spreading of the Upper Digges Farm barrow in the course of
agricultural activities, the monument retains significant
archaeological potential in that the original ground surface below
the mound and the burials which were placed in pits below ground level are
likely to survive undisturbed by ploughing, as is the surrounding ditch.
These locations will hold evidence of the manner and duration of use of the
monument as well as of the environment in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Darvill, T, Monument Class Description - Bowl barrows, 1988,

Source: Historic England

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