Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round 160m south of White Bridge

A Scheduled Monument in St. Stephens by Launceston Rural, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.6555 / 50°39'19"N

Longitude: -4.3685 / 4°22'6"W

OS Eastings: 232673.510012

OS Northings: 86657.503032

OS Grid: SX326866

Mapcode National: GBR NK.85Q5

Mapcode Global: FRA 17QB.RX9

Entry Name: Round 160m south of White Bridge

Scheduled Date: 6 September 1977

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1003274

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 945

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Stephens by Launceston Rural

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Launceston

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a round, situated in the heart of Werrington Park on the north east-facing slopes of a spur, overlooking the River Ottery. The round survives as a circular enclosure measuring approximately 37m in diameter. It is internally defined by a rampart bank of up to 6m wide and 0.6m high with an outer ditch of up to 5m wide and 1m deep. An outer counterscarp bank survives to the north and is up to 4m wide and 0.3m high. To the north west is an entrance with a possible causeway across the ditch.

It lies within the Registered Park called Werrington Park (1493).

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-436943

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rounds are small embanked enclosures, one of a range of settlement types dating to between the later Iron Age and the early post-Roman period. Usually circular or oval, they have a single earth and rubble bank and an outer ditch, with one entrance breaking the circuit. Excavations have produced drystone supporting walls within the bank, paved or cobbled entrance ways, post built gate structures, and remains of timber, turf or stone built houses of oval or rectangular plan, often set around the inner edge of the enclosing bank. Other evidence includes hearths, drains, gullies, pits and rubbish middens. Evidence for industrial activities has been recovered from some sites, including small scale metal working and, among the domestic debris, items traded from distant sources. Some rounds are associated with secondary enclosures, either abutting the round as an annexe or forming an additional enclosure. Rounds are viewed primarily as agricultural settlements, the equivalents of farming hamlets. They were replaced by unenclosed settlement types by the 7th century AD. Over 750 rounds are recorded in the British Isles, occurring in areas bordering the Irish Seas, but confined in England to south west Devon and especially Cornwall. Most recorded examples are sited on hillslopes and spurs. Rounds are important as one of the major sources of information on settlement and social organisation of the Iron Age and Roman periods in south west England. The round 160m south of White Bridge survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, trade, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial significance, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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