Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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White Rock Copper Works

A Scheduled Monument in Landore (Glandŵr), Swansea (Abertawe)

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Latitude: 51.6354 / 51°38'7"N

Longitude: -3.9334 / 3°56'0"W

OS Eastings: 266293

OS Northings: 194728

OS Grid: SS662947

Mapcode National: GBR WTJ.RF

Mapcode Global: VH4K9.R5X3

Entry Name: White Rock Copper Works

Scheduled Date: 24 October 1995

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 1485

Cadw Legacy ID: GM481

Schedule Class: Industrial

Category: Industrial monument

Period: Post Medieval/Modern

County: Swansea (Abertawe)

Community: Landore (Glandŵr)

Built-Up Area: Swansea

Traditional County: Glamorgan


The monument consists of a copper works established in 1736, which was one of the most important copper smelting works in the Lower Swansea Valley. This area formed the world centre of non-ferrous smelting for much of the 18th and 19th centuries. It was the third of Swansea's copper works to have been built. Remains include the river wall, the rear revetment wall of the 'Great Workhouse' , former kilns, furnace and flue. The whole site is traversed by Smith's Canal of 1783, one of the earliest in Wales, which passes under the works in a cut and cover tunnel, with underground wharves behind the 'Great Workhouse'.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance and illustrate our knowledge and understanding of the development of the copper industry. A copper works may be part of a larger industrial complex and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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