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Latitude: 52.6746 / 52°40'28"N
Longitude: -3.824 / 3°49'26"W
OS Eastings: 276769
OS Northings: 310102
OS Grid: SH767101
Mapcode National: GBR 93.4H4C
Mapcode Global: WH687.719F
Entry Name: Water Balance Incline at Aberllefenni Slate Quarry
Scheduled Date: 11 June 1998
Source ID: 3960
Cadw Legacy ID: ME185
Schedule Class: Transport
Period: Post Medieval/Modern
Traditional County: Merionethshire
The monument comprises the remains of a water-balance up-haulage incline for transporting slate waste to tips on the hillside. The incline survives almost intact, with its drum house and drum, brake mechanism, wire rope, and tank waggon.
Slate quarries have been operating in the Aberllefenni area since 1500 or earlier. The quarries probably began working regularly in 1810 but became most active after investment in rail transport and mills in the 1870s. Production of high quality slate slabs was from adits and rubble had to be dumped in a restricted gorge. Water-balance inclines enabled tipping on the high sides of the gorge by using water to raise loaded waggons by counter-balance.
The monument is the best surviving example of a water-balance incline in the Welsh slate industry. It is of national importance as a well preserved area within a slate quarry, which contains important evidence of slate quarrying, preparation, transport and infrastructure. Inclines may be part of a larger cluster of industrial monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.
The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.
Other nearby scheduled monuments