Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Settlements & Enclosures on south & east sides of Moel Faban

A Scheduled Monument in Bethesda, Gwynedd

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Latitude: 53.1917 / 53°11'29"N

Longitude: -4.0427 / 4°2'33"W

OS Eastings: 263625

OS Northings: 368012

OS Grid: SH636680

Mapcode National: GBR 5T.2VVQ

Mapcode Global: WH54G.W13J

Entry Name: Settlements & Enclosures on S & E sides of Moel Faban

Scheduled Date: 26 August 1993

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2449

Cadw Legacy ID: CN210

Schedule Class: Domestic

Category: Unenclosed hut circle

Period: Prehistoric

County: Gwynedd

Community: Bethesda

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire


This prehistoric settlement and funerary site is spread out over the side of Moel Faban and consists of numerous elements, it is an interesting and complex site.

There is a well-defined field system and hut circles indicating settlement. The field system appears to cover most of the scheduled area, with small fields in the SE half and a wall leading to the NW and then back to the SW that seems to define a large enclosure on the SW (this may be of a different date). Only the NW quarter has no obvious field walls.

A leat runs right through the area and is called on the map 'Roman Ditch'. This argues for some antiquity, although it does not of course necessarily mean it is prehistoric (or Roman). It is of the 'bisse' type, running round the contour and appearing to run uphill in places; it carries a steady flow of water but is quite shallow, and not walled.

There are a number of cairns and ring cairns within the scheduled area and there is also a burnt mound close to the leat (which looks as though it possibly skirts it). The mound is not a particularly good example, but erosion on the top clearly shows burnt stone. There are other humps in the surrounding bog which may be more burnt mounds.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of prehistoric settlement and funerary practises. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits. The structures themselves may be expected to contain archaeological information concerning chronology and building techniques.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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