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Early Fields and Dwellings East of Llanllechid

A Scheduled Monument in Bethesda, Gwynedd

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.1966 / 53°11'47"N

Longitude: -4.05 / 4°3'0"W

OS Eastings: 263149

OS Northings: 368576

OS Grid: SH631685

Mapcode National: GBR 5T.2LMZ

Mapcode Global: WH548.RXM9

Entry Name: Early Fields and Dwellings East of Llanllechid

Scheduled Date:

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 3183

Cadw Legacy ID: CN121

Schedule Class: Domestic

Category: Enclosed hut circle

Period: Prehistoric

County: Gwynedd

Community: Bethesda

Traditional County: Caernarfonshire

Description

An extensive system of terraced fields and associated huts - including single huts, unenclosed and enclosed hut groups. The area consists partly of cultivated fields and partly of broken, bracken-covered ground and rough pasture.

The scheduled area consists of some 60 acres of upland ffridd and a small area of unenclosed mountain. Underlying and coinciding with the existing field system is a series of terraced fields with associated settlements. The early fields and settlements are not all of the same period and may range in date from the early prehistoric [?] to the late medieval. The fields are demarcated by terraces, often up to 3 m high, or by stone and earth banks (when the boundary runs with the slope). There are two lengths of trackway passing between the fields and linking some of the settlements. Within the area are [at least] 15 settlement sites: 4 enclosed hut groups, 1 circular enclosure, 4 unenclosed hut groups, 4 individual round huts, 1 long hut, 1 undated rectangular structure, and the site of a destroyed enclosed hut group.

Archaeological Item # CN121A An oval enclosed hut group on the bank of a small stream. It is oriented E - W and contains 3 huts on the S side and one on the N. A track way approaches from the E. A modern sheep pen has been built onto the NE side of the enclosure. Two early field boundaries abut the enclosure and run off to the N and NW. The site is in generally good condition.

Archaeological Item # CN121B A much ruined and difficult to interpret hut group. Two huts to the S and W are clearly visible, as is the bank joining them. The N huts are present, but indistinct. An early track way approaches from the S. The site is covered in bracken and thorn trees are growing inside the huts. Early fields are present to the S and E, where waterlogged conditions may have preserved archaeological remains.

Archaeological Item # CN121C An oval enclosed hut group containing three huts. The site is crossed by a modern wall, and the SW part of the hut group lies on the open mountain, whereas the NE part lies on enclosed land. The site has been damaged by modern field walls. The S wall acts as a strong revetment wall, but it becomes confused with a modern wall in the SE corner.

The archaeological description given by the is still valid, but the following additional features have been noted (only no 2 is within the Scheduled Area):

1. In a small enclosure E of Pant Hwfa, at SH628685, there is an oval stone platform 20 m x 12 m, forming a terrace on the W side.

2. In the W Corbri field there are two unrecorded banks running NW - SE.

3. On the E side of the site, outside the SA, a recent report records a lynchet running N - S at SH635687. One of the huts of the unenclosed group at SH635686 also lies in this field, outside the SA.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of prehistoric settlement. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits. The structures themselves may be expected to contain archaeological information concerning chronology and building techniques.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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