Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Ring Cairn on Craig Fawr

A Scheduled Monument in Mawr, Swansea (Abertawe)

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Latitude: 51.7416 / 51°44'29"N

Longitude: -3.9876 / 3°59'15"W

OS Eastings: 262862

OS Northings: 206636

OS Grid: SN628066

Mapcode National: GBR GX.LD91

Mapcode Global: VH4JP.THR7

Entry Name: Ring Cairn on Craig Fawr

Scheduled Date: 8 December 1976

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 3570

Cadw Legacy ID: GM380

Schedule Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Category: Earthwork (unclassified)

Period: Prehistoric

County: Swansea (Abertawe)

Community: Mawr

Traditional County: Glamorgan


The monument comprises the remains of a ring cairn and larger enclosure of earth and stone, which probably date to the Bronze Age (c. 2300 - 800 BC). It is situated 250m above OD on open moorland.

Archaeological Item A - The structure is an almost perfect circle about 52m in diameter overall. The enclosure is formed by two stony banks about 1.5m wide and 0.3m high, separated by a shallow stony depression about 3m wide. The inner edges of the banks are very irregular.

Archaeological Item B - Against the southern side of the enclosure [Item A] is a round structure about 12.8m in diameter overall, formed by a bank about 1.8m wide and 0.3m high with an external ditch about 0.9m wide and 0.2m deep. There seems to be no original entrance through this bank. The grass covering the enclosure is much longer than on most of the adjacent moorland.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of prehistoric burial and ritual practices. The feature is an important relic of a prehistoric funerary and ritual landscape and retains significant archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of both intact ritual and burial deposits, together with environmental and structural evidence. Ring cairns may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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