Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Pillar-Cross in Llandough Churchyard

A Scheduled Monument in Llandough (Llandochau), Vale of Glamorgan (Bro Morgannwg)

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Latitude: 51.4522 / 51°27'7"N

Longitude: -3.1988 / 3°11'55"W

OS Eastings: 316797

OS Northings: 173259

OS Grid: ST167732

Mapcode National: GBR KCY.QD

Mapcode Global: VH6FD.HRSM

Entry Name: Pillar-Cross in Llandough Churchyard

Scheduled Date: 9 January 1951

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 3695

Cadw Legacy ID: GM209

Schedule Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Category: Cross

Period: Early Medieval

County: Vale of Glamorgan (Bro Morgannwg)

Community: Llandough (Llandochau)

Built-Up Area: Penarth

Traditional County: Glamorgan


The monument consists of the remains of a free standing cross probably dating to the early medieval or medieval period, which is situated on the south side of the church. It stands 2.8m high and is rectangular with its longest side orientated north-south. The base of the cross is 0.5m high, 0.9m long and 0.5m wide and slightly tapering towards the top. The sides of the base are each carved: on the west a horse and rider, 5 'columns' on the east, a head and shoulders on the south and a head and shoulders on the north. On top of the base is a slightly bulging pillar, which measures 1.15m in height, 0.5m width and 0.4m depth; it is decorated with rounded columns at the corners and has an interlaced pattern of plaitwork on these columns and on its east and west faces. On top of this column is a stone cushion with horizontal bands of decoration. On top of the cushion is a small section of cross shaft, 0.7m high and 0.3m long and wide. At the corners are four rounded columns which are undecorated but the area between these column is decorated with an interlaced plaitwork pattern which is slightly different on each side.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of the organisation and practice of Christianity. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits. A cross may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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