Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Pen-y-Felin Wynt Hillfort

A Scheduled Monument in Melindwr, Ceredigion

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Latitude: 52.3867 / 52°23'12"N

Longitude: -3.9389 / 3°56'19"W

OS Eastings: 268143

OS Northings: 278292

OS Grid: SN681782

Mapcode National: GBR 8Y.QQV5

Mapcode Global: VH4FM.P80N

Entry Name: Pen-y-Felin Wynt Hillfort

Scheduled Date: 10 July 1998

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 1538

Cadw Legacy ID: CD167

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Hillfort

Period: Prehistoric

County: Ceredigion

Community: Melindwr

Traditional County: Cardiganshire


The monument comprises the remains of a hillfort, which probably dates to the Iron Age period (c. 800 BC - AD 74, the Roman conquest of Wales). Hillforts are usually located on hilltops and surrounded by a single or multiple earthworks of massive proportions. Hillforts must have formed symbols of power within the landscape, while their function may have had as much to do with ostentation and display as defence. Pen-y-felin wynt is a well preserved example of a small univallate hillfort or defended settlement set on a promontory overlooking the Afon Rheidol. The site comprises an enclosure delineated by both natural slopes and artificial defences, most notably a rampart and ditch constructed across the promontory neck.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric context and within the surrounding landscape. The site is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of surviving internal features, including hut platforms and undisturbed archaeological floor levels, as well as evidence relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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