Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Pencad Cymru Cairn

A Scheduled Monument in Banwy, Powys

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Latitude: 52.6722 / 52°40'20"N

Longitude: -3.4961 / 3°29'45"W

OS Eastings: 298935

OS Northings: 309330

OS Grid: SH989093

Mapcode National: GBR 9J.4RX7

Mapcode Global: WH68D.83G7

Entry Name: Pencad Cymru Cairn

Scheduled Date:

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2010

Cadw Legacy ID: MG164

Schedule Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Category: Round cairn

Period: Prehistoric

County: Powys

Community: Banwy

Traditional County: Montgomeryshire


The monument comprises the remains a burial cairn, probably dating to the Bronze Age (c. 2300 - 800 BC). Pencad Cymru Cairn comprises a disturbed cairn situated on moorland at NE end of summit of broad ridge known as Pen Coed. The cairn measures c 16m and height approx. 0.9m. The centre has been mutilated, a depression c 6m across x 0.5m deep having been excavated, and a modern marker cairn has been built on the SW quadrant using loose stones from the cairn. There is no visible surrounding ditch/kerb.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of prehistoric burial and ritual practices. The monument is an important relic of a prehistoric funerary and ritual landscape and retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of both intact burial or ritual deposits, together with environmental and structural evidence. Cairns may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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