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If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.
Latitude: 51.8827 / 51°52'57"N
Longitude: -4.3901 / 4°23'24"W
OS Eastings: 235590
OS Northings: 223163
OS Grid: SN355231
Mapcode National: GBR DB.RKPV
Mapcode Global: VH3L7.VYG2
Entry Name: Pen y Gaer Hillfort
Scheduled Date: 19 January 1973
Source ID: 2159
Cadw Legacy ID: CM207
Schedule Class: Defence
County: Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)
Traditional County: Carmarthenshire
The monument comprises the remains of a hillfort, which probably dates to the Iron Age period (c. 800 BC - AD 74, the Roman conquest of Wales). Hillforts are usually Iocated on hilltops and surrounded by a single or multiple earthworks of massive proportions. Hillforts must have formed symbols of power within the landscape, while their function may have had as much to do with ostentation and display as defence. Pen y Gaer is defended by a semi circular rampart on the west side. It is higher to the north than to the south. The rest of the defence is the steep natural slope. There are no signs of occupation in the interior. The entrance could be half-way round.
The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric context and within the surrounding landscape. The site is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail. The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.
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