Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Pen y Coed Hillfort, Cyfronydd

A Scheduled Monument in Castle Caereinion (Castell Caereinion), Powys

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Latitude: 52.6538 / 52°39'13"N

Longitude: -3.2739 / 3°16'26"W

OS Eastings: 313920

OS Northings: 306986

OS Grid: SJ139069

Mapcode National: GBR 9V.5SQL

Mapcode Global: WH79M.PK6F

Entry Name: Pen y Coed Hillfort, Cyfronydd

Scheduled Date: 4 April 1996

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 1460

Cadw Legacy ID: MG233

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Hillfort

Period: Prehistoric

County: Powys

Community: Castle Caereinion (Castell Caereinion)

Traditional County: Montgomeryshire


The monument comprises the remains of a hillfort, which probably dates to the Iron Age period (c. 800 BC - AD 74, the Roman conquest of Wales). Hillforts are usually Iocated on hilltops and surrounded by a single or multiple earthworks of massive proportions. Hillforts must have formed symbols of power within the landscape, while their function may have had as much to do with ostentation and display as defence. Pen y Coed is a fine bivallete enclosure, roughly circular in plan, on a gentle east facing slope. The two banks are concentric and clearly visible for their entire circuit, though the outer bank is less clear than the south. For the most part the banks stand up to 1.5m in height externally, only c 0.2m internally with the ditch between clearly visible, the external ditch visible in places.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric context and within the surrounding landscape. The site is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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