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Narberth Castle

A Scheduled Monument in Narberth (Arberth), Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7962 / 51°47'46"N

Longitude: -4.7424 / 4°44'32"W

OS Eastings: 210985

OS Northings: 214394

OS Grid: SN109143

Mapcode National: GBR CW.Y2B1

Mapcode Global: VH2P5.R37W

Entry Name: Narberth Castle

Scheduled Date:

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 478

Cadw Legacy ID: PE040

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Castle

Period: Medieval

County: Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)

Community: Narberth (Arberth)

Built-Up Area: Narberth

Traditional County: Pembrokeshire

Description

The monument consists of the remains of a castle, dating to the medieval period. It is situated at the top of steep-sided spur overlooking the fording point of the Narberth Brook. It comprises a sub rectangular enclosure measuring c 50 m north to south defined by the very fragmentary remains of a masonry curtain wall. There are four cylindrical ‘drum’ towers, one at each corner but only the two southern towers, each of three storeys, survive to any height. Midway along the long west side of the ward are the remains of a small ‘D’-shaped turret and opposite on the east side a larger ‘D’-shaped tower. Against the south curtain wall is a large, unvaulted two-storey Great hall, which forms an ‘L’-shaped block with a two-storey vaulted building against the east curtain. The enclosure was entered from the north over a ditch dividing it form a possible outer ward. The fabric is limestone rubble throughout. Most of the facework has been lost except on the two southern towers. The little dressed stone that survives suggests the defences are from the mid-late 13th century and the domestic buildings are from c 1300 onward.

Underlying earthworks may relate to an initial foundation of the castle in c 1100 but the first record of the castle, when burnt and taken by the Welsh is from 1116. It may have been attacked again in 1159 and was partially destroyed twice by Llewellyn ap Iorerth prince of Gwynedd in 1215 and 1220. Held by Roger Mortimer, Lord of Wigmore from 1247 it was completely destroyed in 1257 during the rising of the Welsh under Llywelyn ap Gruffudd. Likely to have remained entirely of timber throughout this period the castle it was then probably Mortimer who rebuilt it in stone with repair work after a minor attack of 1299 providing a context for the domestic buildings as the Great Hall has widow detail of a broadly late 13th-early 14th century date. An inventory of the castle survives from 1330 though by 1424 it was recorded as in decay. Passing through a succession of families including episodes of being held by the crown it continued to decline though a detailed survey of 1539 shows it to have been fully occupied. Manorial courts were held into the castle well into the 16th century and the castle was finally abandoned sometime after 1677.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of medieval defensive practices. The monument is well-preserved and an important relic of the medieval landscape. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of both structural evidence and intact associated deposits.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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