Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Moel y Gaer Camp

A Scheduled Monument in Halkyn (Helygain), Flintshire (Sir y Fflint)

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Latitude: 53.2125 / 53°12'45"N

Longitude: -3.1827 / 3°10'57"W

OS Eastings: 321117

OS Northings: 369036

OS Grid: SJ211690

Mapcode National: GBR 6Y.1MD8

Mapcode Global: WH76Z.2JQ2

Entry Name: Moel y Gaer Camp

Scheduled Date:

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 328

Cadw Legacy ID: FL011

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Hillfort

Period: Prehistoric

County: Flintshire (Sir y Fflint)

Community: Halkyn (Helygain)

Built-Up Area: Rhosesmor

Traditional County: Flintshire


The monument comprises the remains of a hillfort, which probably dates to the Iron Age period (c. 800 BC - AD 74, the Roman conquest of Wales). Hillforts are usually located on hilltops and surrounded by a single or multiple earthworks of massive proportions. Hillforts must have formed symbols of power within the landscape, while their function may have had as much to do with ostentation and display as defence.

Moel y Gaer is a sub-oval hilltop enclosure, measuring about 190m north-south by 130-170m. It is generally defined by a bank, ditch and counterscarp, but there is some variation, notably about the east-facing entrance. Excavations in 1972-3, in advance of the construction of the reservoir, revealed a complex late Bronze Age and early Iron Age sequence of construction and occupation. The site encompasses a tumulus on the summit of the hilltop.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric context and within the surrounding landscape. The site is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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